Convention status is the strongest form of protection, referring directly to The UN Refugee Convention. But there are also other forms of protection which will be given if a person risks death penalty, torture, or other forms of inhuman treatment, as described in the European Convention of Human Rights and UN Convention against Torture and is part of the Danish Immigration Law’s art. 7(2) or the new art. 7(3) (protection status).
Art. 7(1): Convention Status
(2 years temporary residence permit with the option to obtain a permanent residence permit later, blue convention passport).
A) Political activist from Iran, a member of an illegal student organization, tortured in prison.
B) Female doctor from Afghanistan, spouse has been kidnapped by the Taliban, parents have received death threats.
C) Homosexual man from Uganda, activist.
D) Young man from Syria, escaped military service.
E) Young man or woman from Eritrea, escaped from the national service and left the country illegally.
Art 7(2): Individual Temporary Protection Status
(1 year temporary residence permit with the option to obtain a permanent residence permit later, gray alien passport. Also called De Facto status).
A) Woman from Pakistan, divorced from her abusive husband after forced marriage, fled because her family plans to kill her.
B) Man from Iran, accused of adultery with a married woman, facing death penalty.
Art. 7(3): General Temporary Protection Status
(1 year residence permit without right to apply for family reunification within the first 3 years. If renewed, it will be for 2 years. Only used for Syrians and Somalis so far).
A) Mother with a child from Syria, fled because of the general civil war conditions in the country.
B) Man from Syria older than 42 years, not individually persecuted
C) Unaccompanied minor from Syria.
Art. 8: Quota Refugee/Resettlement Refugee
(2 years temporary residence permit with the opportunity to obtain a permanent residence permit)
A) In 2013, Denmark received quota refugees from Nepal, Ecuador, and Uganda, in 2014 Denmark received Syrian quota refugees resettled from Lebanon.
Denmark is one of the very few countries in the world that has a firm commitment to the resettlement of refugees to Denmark every year through UNHCR. These refugees are called ‘quota refugees’ or resettlement refugees. Through the past 3 years, Denmark has resettled a quota of 1500 refugees. In collaboration with the UNHCR, a delegation from the Danish Immigration Service and the Danish Refugee Council select the individual refugees, often from 2-3 different countries each year. After an interview, the refugees receive basic information about Denmark and then a visa and a 6 months residence permit is issued to each refugee. These refugees are already recognized as refugees and do not have to go through the asylum procedure but are instead resettled directly to the Danish municipalities.
The package of restrictions from January 2016 included a change in the criteria, so that Denmark will now choose the ones with a better chance to integrate (based on education, language skills, work experience, family and motivation). The first period of permit was also set down from 5 to 2 years, not corresponding very well with the UN description "durable solution" used for resettlement refugees.