Distribution and differences among European countries

There are major differences among the European countries when it comes to refugees. First, because of the Dublin Regulation, the countries’ geographical location in relation to the migrants’ travel routes to Europe is important. Second, some countries are considered more desirable by refugees than others – this is to some extent related to the third factor: that the treatment of asylum seekers and the consideration of asylum cases vary a lot between the European countries.

Finally, a number of other factors, such as connection to family members, ability to speak the language, and the likelihood of finding a job, influence where asylum seekers would like to live. The impact of the Dublin regulation can vary from year to year, as some countries do not always take fingerprints, and some countries are not suitable to return people to in periods.

The image of the countries is not always reflecting the actual conditions in that country. For instance, Britain is high on many asylum seeker's list, but has in fact one of the hardest and most brutal asylum systems in Europe. When it comes to Denmark, everybody thinks that you must wait 3 years to apply for family reunification, though this actually only goes for one out of three, and only targets certain nationalities. 

Read also 'How many does Denmark receive compared to the rest of Europe?'


As the charts illustrate, there are great variation in where the different nationalities seek asylum and there are also major differences with regard to how European countries determine an asylum case. Thus, it is kind of a lottery that asylum seekers participate when seeking asylum in Europe. Some countries, for instance Germany, receive many more unfounded asylum applications (especially from the Balkans) than others, and therefore it is not possible to compare the recognition rates without deviding them into nationalities. Read more in the articles Asylum assessments are influenced by politics and More Afghans are rejected...