There are major differences among the European countries when it comes to refugees. First, because of the Dublin Regulation, the countries’ geographical location in relation to the migrants’ travel routs to Europe has become important. Second, some countries are considered more desirable by refugees than others – this is to some extent related to the fact that the treatment of asylum seekers and the consideration of asylum cases vary a lot between the European countries. Finally, a number of other factors, such as connection to other family members, ability to speak the language, and the likelihood of finding a job, influence where asylum seekers would like to live.
As the charts illustrate, there are great variation in where the different nationalities seek asylum and there are also major differences with regard to how European countries determine an asylum case. Thus, it is kind of a lottery that asylum seekers participate when seeking asylum in Europe. Some countries, for instance Germany, receive many more unfounded asylum applications (especially from the Balkans) than others, and therefore it is not possible to compare the recognition rates without deviding them into nationalities.