The success rate (recognition rate) from Immigration Service (first instance) has moved up and down during recent years. In 2015 it reached a record high of 85%, in 2016 it dropped to 72%, and in 2017 it ended at 36%, with some months as low as 28%. During the first 10 months of 2018 is has been 58%, but the actual number for newcomers is 35%, if you leave out people who already had residence permit as family reunified from Syria or Eritrea but applied for asylum later. These are called "distant applications", and they used to only form a few percent of the applicants, but in 2018 this group had risen to 30%.
The numbers reflect more than anything else where the applicants are coming from. Almost everybody from Syria and Eritrea are granted asylum all over Europe, and very few unfounded applicants come to Denmark normally. As the percentage of Syrians and Eritreans have dropped in periods, and more people with unfounded cases have arrived, this affects the recognition rate. Georgia was recently put on the list of Manifestly Unfounded countries. However, it has also become harder for Iraqis, Afghans and Somalis to obtain asylum. The total amount is also much smaller, which means that a relatively small number of unaccompanied minors from Morocco for instance can affect the average when they get rejected.
The chance of getting permission for family reunification afterwards is also depending on which country you come from – even though refugees do not have to meet all the criteria. This is mainly due to the demands on documents and proofs, which can be hard for many refugees to live up to. The percentage of positive decisions on countries with the most applications are for 2018 so far: Eritrea 27%, Syria 36%, Iran 69%, Turkey 70%, Thailand 86%.
RESIDENCE PERMITS GRANTED TO REFUGEES (incl. humanitarian and resettlement)
The chance of getting asylum has also dropped for Afghans, Iranians, Iraqis and Somalis. Only 16% of Afghans were granted asylum in Denmark in 2017. The same tendency can be seen all over EU, though Denmark has a tougher course than most other countries. Read more about Afghans here.
The Refugee Appeals Board (second instance) overturned 17% of the negative rulings from the Danish Immigration Service in 2018.
RECOGNITION RATES IN DENMARK 2001-2018
In spite of the high recognition rate for pevious years, it is actually harder to get asylum in Denmark than most countries, as shown in the above tabel. Especially Afghans, Iraqis and Somalis have a much lower chance in Denmark than EUs average, including Germany and Sweden. In one aspect however, Denmark has a more generous attitude than Sweden: we generally grant convention status to Syrians and Eritreans, which the Swedes do not. Read more: 'Asylum decisions are influenced by politics'
DECISIONS ON LARGEST NATIONALITIES: DENMARK, GERMANY, SWEDEN 2015 + 2016
Which status do you get?
Since February 2015 there has been 3 different asylum statuses: Art. 7(1), convention status, refers directly to the UN Refugee Convention. Art. 7(2), protection status, refers to the other human rights conventions and the ban against torture. And then there is the new art. 7(3), temporary protection against general risk.
Almost one third are granted the weaker status 7(3), which does not give access to family reunification for the first 3 years. The majority of those are women and unaccompanied minors from Syria. All three statuses are, however, temporary, are only given for 1-2 years at a time and can be revoked again. Convention status is very rarely revoked.